Most of the international shipping is done through sea freight services. Although most of the services are experienced and accountable, you might still wonder, for example, is it right to use sea freight containers to East Africa for shipping goods from my country or what kind of specific requirement for shipping, etc. Here is the list of tips to help you consider choosing this sea freight services.
Learning the Route of Cargo
The route of cargo will bring high impact on times and cost of shipment. For example, long vessel route is sometimes cheaper due to transit lanes through taking more delivery times. Instead, the shorter one offers faster delivery but might result in higher costs. In this case, you should consult with freight forwarders which type of cargo routing that meet your best needs considering the overall times and costs.
Choosing the Incoterms
Incoterms or an international commercial term is the term used in international trade by helping traders from different states to understand each other. The terms give a major impact on landed costs of goods. Fundamentally, the terms will decide costs, insurance, and freight divisions between the traders (buyer and seller). It will also give direct impact on risk, documentation, and control over goods in the logistics chain. There are different kinds of incoterms like CFR-CIF, DDP-DAP, FOB, EXW, and so on. So, you better discuss beforehand with your sea freight forwarder who expert on selecting the best sea freight service for you considering all the freight requirements.
Choosing Loading and Unloading Port
The next step is choosing the loading and unloading port related to sea freight service quote. It is the crucial part which requires the expert hand on. Less hectic and more serviced ports are usually preferred by businesses people who look for fast and efficient operation. The information about these sea freight services facts are always updated by international freight forwarders, so they can help to assist you choosing which parts is the best one for your supply chain operation.
Choosing the Right Container Size
Before selecting all those services, you need to calculate the volume of your goods so you can decide the container size. There 2 types of the container including a Less than Container Load (LCL) or a Full Container Load (FCL). LCLs is usually owned by a group of shippers allowing the transportation of goods without paying for a full container which means more effective if you only need to do smaller shipment. Meanwhile, FCLs is an exclusive container owned by a single shipper that usually effectively used by shipment of enough cargo to fill the whole container.
Preparing for Necessary Documentation
Before shipping through sea freight, you will require collecting some correct documents. It’s very important to achieve a speedy customs clearance and delivery of your shipment. Freight forwarders will provide you the consultation about customs clearance and other related requirements. Usually, the key documents include Export Cargo Shipping Instruction (ECSI), Dangerous Goods Note (DGN), Standard Shipping Note, a Bill of Landing, a Sea Waybill, and others.
Ensure to consult with your freight forwarders before your shipment to improve your freight operation and avoid any mistakes on preparing the right sea freight requirements.